The Pusharo's petroglyphs, the Incas "stone of Rosette" (2006)

My campaign of search for 2006 had two objectives : discover the inca city which hides in the zone of the "pyramids", and to drill the mystery of these famous "pyramids", which always escapes us. And then return on the site of the petroglyphs of Pusharo, which I stop studying and interpreting since 2001.

Pongo of the rio Negro
In the pongo of the Rio Negro, our explorers look for the indications of the presence of the city of "pyramids".
(Photo : Thierry Jamin, July, 2006)

In July, 2006, my companions and I let us organize a first expedition in the north zone of "pyramids", to try to localize the mysterious city which hides certainly not far from there.

We discover another impressive quantity of archaeological indications, proving its existence. But, this day, this city remains always untraceable. We still discover numerous tools, weapons ; we loosen terraces, and we discover a tunnel but always no lost city.

Finally, in August, 2006, we set up a big campaign of searches in the sector of Pusharo. And the results of this second expedition are going to show themselves absolutely extraordinary.

I wanted to return in the sector of Pusharo, because, in 2001, at the conclusion of a first study, Herbert Cartagena and I had observed on a mountain distant from several kilometers, the presence of an immense face. And I wanted to verify this phenomenon. Was it indeed about a face realized by the man or about a whim of the nature ?

Pusharo main wall
Partial view of the main wall of Pusharo or Sector I-A.
(Photo : Thierry Jamin, August, 2006)

And then, I also wanted to verify on the ground certain hypotheses concerning my interpretation of the main rock of Pusharo (Sector I-A).

Some words about this rock : it is a question of a kind of cliff, on which we discovered in 1921 an impressive quantity of engraved figures. These figures, or "petroglyphs", had still never been studied in a scientific way before I am interested in it, in 2001. They cover the rock on around thirty meters long and on five in six meters high. These signs, the Inca origin of which we proved, lost in full forest in hundreds of kilometers of the inhabited world, seem to represent rivers, mountains and places of populating. Certain figures appear then disappear as by magic at the very precise moments of the day. He so goes away of three "suns" : a rising sun, a sun in the top and a setting sun. It could be directions. The "pyramids" of Paratoari for example appear on the rock. The small city of Mameria, discovered by Nicole and Herbert Cartagena in 1979 is also indicated to Pusharo. And the city which, according to me, hides near the "pyramids" is also clearly indicated to it !

These petroglyphs would not be a kind of "memory map" of a given region ? That of Paititi for example. If this legendary city exists well and truly, then Pusharo is doubtless one of the keys to go there.

Pusharo second wall
Partial view of the second wall of Pusharo, or Secteur II.
(Photo : Thierry Jamin, August, 2006)

In some tens of meters of this first wall, I meet, on an ancient Inca path, other engraved figures (Sector II), of a rather different style. It is especially about representational signs, even symbolic, in fact very intriguing. Some people, indeed, remind the sequences of a ancient writing and are contained in what looks like "cartridges", a little as in Egypt.

Would this second rock of Pusharo be as a "relic" of this writing lost of the Incas, which we have never seen ? It is the theme there which I find fascinating and which is very close to the search of Paititi, the city of the Knowledge. There where we learnt maybe the usage of the qellcca, that is the writing. Etymologically, indeed, Paititi could send back to the term quechua paykikin, who means "equal to", "twin".

In front of the main wall, immense faces of the Sector IV, engraved in the mountain, draw the attention of the explorers.
(Photo : Thierry Jamin, August, 2006)

This expedition of August, 2006 is finally going to be well beyond our expectations. Because not only we confirm the existence of this immense face engraved in the mountain, but we discover it the others ! It is about real "geoglyphs", as to Nasca. They are the first ones never indicated in Amazonian forest (Sector IV).

They were realized by the Incas. The biggest has a length about 200 meters. According to our hypothesis, it would be about a system elaborated by "beacons" to indicate the presence of the petroglyphs of Pusharo.

We were able to determine then that the petroglyphs of Pusharo were indeed a "memory map" imagined by the Incas to guide them through the forest without getting lost, until a still unknown destination : Paititi maybe.

And we discovered that Pusharo was not only a global representation of the Inca Empire in a very precise period of its history but also a regional map (that of the Antisuyu).


The Inca
The discovery of this magnificent profile, that of an inca emperor, settles definitively the question of the cultural filiation of the site.
(Photo : Thierry Jamin, August, 2006)

Over the years, after several expeditions in this region and of numerous weeks to study and to interpret the glyphs of Pusharo, we acquired the conviction that the city of "pyramids" could not being Paititi. It is doubtless about a front post, maybe a tambo, on the road of an even bigger site – which is doubtless the legendary city. He has to exist also a small Inca city in the zone of Pusharo, because they are two strategic points controlling the access of the valley of the Rio Alto Madre de Dios towards the valley of Piñi Piñi, in which doubtless hides Paititi. It is in any case what we interpret on the rock of Pusharo.

Dome commentators indeed report that the Incas, towards the end of the XVth century, at the time of their expansion towards this Amazonian region, had built two citadels on the road of the lost city. But they "forget" to say to us where…


To know more about the petroglyphs of Pusharo: ; and Thierry Jamin, « Pusharo, la memoria de los Incas », Lima, noviembre de 2007. Buy the on-line book : click here.
And always for more details of the expeditions of Thierry Jamin : Thierry Jamin, Pierre-Albert Ruquier, « L’Eldorado inca. A la recherche de Païtiti », éditions Hugo & Cie, Paris, novembre 2006. Buy the book on-line: click here.

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