The new temples of Collud-Zarpán

Two religious temples of the formative time, bound to the period of consolidation of the high civilization in the North of Peru, were found in the archaeological complex of Collud-Zarpán, situated in the zone inhabited with the same name, in two kilometres in the South of the district of Pomalca, in the province of Chiclayo (Lambayeque).

Walter Alva, director of the Museum of the Royal Graves of Sipán, revealed in October 18th, 2008 when it was about one of the most important religious sanctuaries of time formative period, dating of three miles in two thousands years BC.

Alva indicates that the rests of the temple of Collud reveal the existence of a monumental staircase of 25 meters in width spreading out on near 500 meters in length and 200 meters in width.

Collud Zarpan
Partial sight of the archaeological complex of Collud-Zarpán. (Photo: Ministry of Education, in October, 2008)

"We speak," he says, "of one of the monuments of the biggest and the most extraordinary period of Formatif, which besides is going to clear up and to bring to light the influence of the culture Cupisnique and the culture Chavín in the North of Peru".

This one also indicates that a fresco in high relief was brought to light in one of the temples, representing a divinity spider.

The famous researcher of Lambayeque, inventor of the grave of the Lord de Sipán, also indicates that near Collud was discovered another monument, that of Zarpán, in whom were found the rests of a typical temple of the culture Chavín.

"It is a question," he says, "of new architecture with raw bricks of cylindrical forms. It is the first time when appear this type of structure with a polychromatic relief which looks like figures found towards Garagay a lot, in the region of Lima."

Alva points out, besides, that the temple of Zarpán presents the same dimensions as that of Collud. He also underlines that these archaeological testimonies bring to light one of the most important archaeological whole North of Peru.

Collud Zarpan
Walter Alva, director of the Museum of Sipan, to Lambayeque, guides the Peruvian Minister of the Education Jose Antonia Chang to whom he gives explanations onto wall relieves. (Photo: Ministry of Education, october 2008)

"Between Zarpán and Collud extends a wide ceremonial place. It was in this time a real acropolis, a center important to be able to religious extending over all the region of Lambayeque. It is the thing which we did not suppose only some years ago. To the point that we thought that in this time the region of Lambayeque was totally depopulated."

Walter Alva reminds the theories which indeed supported that Lambayeque, during the formative period, possessed no center of populating.

"But having discovered this temple," he pursues, "the reality is categorical: it was doubtless, in the time, the biggest religious complex since that of Sipán (Huaca Rajada)."

The same researcher indicates that the monumental group Ventarrón, Collud and Zarpán covers a total surface of four hectares, that is eight square kilometers.

"Remotely every archaeological complex extends on average over a kilometer aside. We speak here about a square kilometer for each of the sites."

Alva still reports that of the funeral material was discovered inside the temple of Zarpán.

"We note in a temple the presence of intrusive funeral elements of the time of Lambayeque : those who occupied the region two thousand years after and who buried their deaths in simple graves. We brought to light about ten graves, contemporary to Túcume and to Huaca Chotuna. But it is about a culture there which re-occupies places and which comes from the original culture which is the one which built the first temples."
Walter Alva announces finally that the other investigations will soon continue in this archaeological complex which is far from having delivered all its secrets.

To Follow...

Some links:
Web Site of  Viajando por Peru
Press Agency Andina

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